Haemorrhoids are never life-threatening. The symptoms of bowel cancer may be like haemorrhoid symptoms. Therefore, it is important to be properly diagnosed.
Most haemorrhoids are treated by non-surgical methods. Minimally-invasive procedures are found to be effective in many patients. Surgery may be needed in extreme cases.
- Your doctor prescribes medications to reduce pain, itching, and inflammation. It may be in the form of tablets or ointments.
- You must consume a high-fibre diet. Avoid straining during defaecation.
- Keep the anal area clean. Use cold packs to reduce inflammation. Take a sitz bath.
- Your doctor may remove a painful clot by simple incision.
Sclerotherapy: Your doctor injects certain chemicals to cause shrinkage of the haemorrhoids.
Rubber band ligation: The base of the haemorrhoids is tied with small rubber bands. This cuts blood circulation and the haemorrhoids fall off. There may be certain complications associated with this technique.
Coagulation technique: It involves hardening of the haemorrhoid with radiation or heat increases the chances of haemorrhoid falling off.
Haemorrhoidectomy: The haemorrhoids are surgically removed. It is performed under general anaesthesia or with local anaesthesia. Pain and difficulty in defaecation after surgery for a few days are some of the complications of the surgery.
Haemorrhoid Stapling: It is a surgical method to block blood flow to the haemorrhoids. This technique has various complications such as recurrence of the haemorrhoids.
Prevention of Haemorrhoids
Follow these simple lifestyle and diet habits to avoid the occurrence of haemorrhoids.
- Eat a high fibre diet. Do not consume foods such as chips, ice creams, fast food, frozen food, processed food, red meat, etc. which may increase chances of constipation and haemorrhoids.
- Stay physically active. Exercise maintains gastrointestinal health.
- If you are obese, plan a weight loss program.
- If you are suffering from inflammatory bowel disease, properly manage it.